Labour Market Impact Assessment

 Employers are generally required to apply for a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) before they can hire foreign workers in most cases (see exemptions including NAFTA and GATS). In order to obtain a positive LMIA, a Canadian employer must prove that there is no Canadian or permanent resident worker available to complete the job in question and a foreign worker is therefore needed.

LMIA applications should show the following:

  • Efforts made to recruit available Canadian citizens/permanent residents;
  • Wages offered for the position are consistent with the prevailing wage rate paid to Canadians/permanent residents in the same occupation in the region;
  • Working conditions for the occupation meets the current provincial labour market standards;
  • Any potential benefits that hiring a foreign worker might bring to the Canadian labour market, such as the creation of new jobs or the transfer of skills and knowledge; and
  • Transition plans will be required for high-wage positions whereby employers must demonstrate increased efforts to hire Canadians in the long-term.

iStock_000018325332_ExtraSmallThe positive LMIA is provided to the foreign worker to submit with his/her application for a work permit, which will then typically be issued for one year.

LMIAs are overseen by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) and have an associated application fee of $1,000 for each temporary foreign worker position applied for.

There are shorter processing times of 10 days available for highest-demand, highest paid and shortest duration occupations, i.e. skilled trades within top 10% of pay bracket and for positions that are less than 120 days.

Latest Immigration Court Decisions

For the latest immigration court decisions on work permit cases, please click here.


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