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Current System

New System

Eligibility review

Eligibility review – no change

Information gathered in 28 days through a paper-based Personal Information Form

Information gathered 15 days after referral of claim through an in-person interview at the IRB

No authority to designate countries of origin

Authority to designate countries of origin

(Countries that do not normally produce refugees, that have a robust human rights record and offer strong state protection.) Expedited appeals for claimants from these countries who receive negative decisions.

Initial hearing currently in about 19 months by Governor in Council term appointees

Initial hearing and decision within 60 to 90 days by permanent public servant members at the IRB

No Appeal Division at the IRB

A new Refugee Appeal Division at the IRB, with a decision within 30 to 120 days of filing and perfecting an appeal

Access to Federal Court

Access to the Federal Court

Access to Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA)

If not removed within 1 year – access to a PRRA  and Temporary Resident Permit (TRP)

Removal; no Assisted Voluntary Returns

Removal within 1 year after final negative IRB decision; new Assisted Voluntary Returns program (increased education and counseling for failed asylum claimants. The program will also provide limited financial assistance to a third party which will use the funds to help a person return to their home country.)

Highest Professional Recognition / Featured In