Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI)
The WHTI is a U.S. law that requires all travelers, including U.S. and Canadian citizens, to present a valid passport or other approved secure document when entering the United States. The U.S. WHTI is being implemented in stages by mode of transportation.
The new document requirements were implemented for air travel in January 2007. Final document requirements for those seeking to enter the United States at land or water ports of entry will take effect June 1, 2009.
Accepted Documents for Entry in to the U.S.
- Nexus Card – The NEXUS program expedites the border clearance process for low-risk, pre-approved travellers entering Canada and the United States.
- *Government-issued photo ID plus proof of citizenship.
- FAST card – Low-risk, pre-approved commercial importers, carriers and registered drivers can take part in the FAST program to facilitate the movement of pre-approved eligible goods across the Canadaâ€“U.S. border.
- Enhanced driverâ€™s licence/enhanced identification card
- **Certificate of Indian Status
- ***Birth certificate or Canadian citizenship card
*Up until May 31, 2009, Canadian citizens entering the United States by land or water may use a government-issued photo ID, such as a driverâ€™s license, PLUS a birth certificate or a Canadian citizenship card.
**Up until May 31, 2009, Canadian citizens entering the United States by land or water may use the Certificate of Indian Status.
***Canadian citizens 18 or under (land and water only). Up until May 31, 2009, Canadian citizens 18 years of age or under only require proof of citizenship, such as a birth certificate or Canadian citizenship card.
As of June 1, 2009, Canadian citizens 18 years of age or under who are travelling with a school or other organized group, under adult supervision with parental/guardian consent, may present proof of citizenship alone â€” a birth certificate or a Canadian citizenship card.
***Canadian citizens 15 or under (land and water only). Canadian citizens 15 years of age or under only require proof of citizenship, such as an original or a copy of a birth certificate, or a Canadian citizenship card.
Entry requirements to the United States have not changed for non-Canadian citizens residing in Canada. For more information on U.S. entry requirements, consult the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Web site. *
* Information found at http://www.cbsa.gc.ca/whti-ivho/menu-eng.html