What is Express Entry (EE)?
The Express Entry (EE) system is a three stage active immigration process whereby interested applicants will first submit an EE form online. Second, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) assesses these potential applicants against specific eligibility criteria. Potential applicants who are deemed to have met the eligibility criteria are then entered into a pool with other eligible candidates. Third, those candidates whose profiles align with the identified needs of the government, as well as, that of certain Canadian employers, will be issued an “invitation to apply” (ITA). Only those candidates who receive invitations can then proceed to apply for permanent residence.
Candidates are required to complete an online EE profile outlining:
- skills work experience
- language ability
- education and
- other details that will help in assessing eligibility
Comprehensive Ranking System
The candidates who registered online will be ranked, one against the other based on the “Comprehensive Ranking System” (CRS) on the factors mentioned above. Candidates that have an “Arranged Employment” job offer, a provincial nomination or Canadian post-secondary education will receive additional points. All candidates in the EE pool will be granted points (maximum of 1200) that take into consideration the following factors:
- Skills and work experience (up to 500 points)
- Spouse or common-law partner factors (such as their language skills and education -up to 40 additional points but still a maximum of only 500 points)
- Skills transferability (including education and work experience that, when combined, improve his or her chances of being employed, and earning a higher wage – up to 100 points)
- Additional 600 points for those with a nomination from a province or territory, Arranged Employment or Canadian post-secondary education
For the principal candidate, the point allocations breakdown is as follows (these points include amendments which were made to the EE CRS on 19 November 2016):
Although an applicant can collect points for a spouse/partner, the additional points do not exceed what an applicant can score on his/her own:
Once a candidate receives an ITA, they will then have 90 days to file their application for permanent residence.
THE NEED FOR ARRANGED EMPLOYMENT OR PNP NOMINATIONS
Any candidates without an Arranged Employment job offer, or a nomination from a province or territory, must register with Employment and Social Development Canada’s (ESDC) Job Bank. Applicants are required and encouraged to promote themselves on the Job Bank as well as in any other relevant way, i.e. recruiters, job boards, etc. Job Bank advertising will help connect EE applicants with eligible employers in Canada. The Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) process and provincial/territorial nomination are no different under the EE regime as the focus remains upon ensuring employers made efforts to hire Canadians for the available positions, as well as facilitating provinces/territories’ ability to meet their specific labour market needs
Express Entry Draws & ITA
After ranking the potential applicants, IRCC will organize “draws” and invite selected candidates to submit a full, complete application for permanent residency (ITA). At each draw, a minimum CRS score is set based upon Inventory.
For more information on the Express Entry or to determine your eligibility, contact us today!